Teberan languages - Teberan languages

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Teberan
Dadibi–Folopa
Geographic
distribution
Papua New Guinea
Linguistic classificationPapuan Gulf?
Subdivisions
Glottologtebe1251[2]
Teberan languages.svg
Map: The Teberan languages of New Guinea
  The Teberan languages
  Trans–New Guinea languages
  Other Papuan languages
  Austronesian languages
  Uninhabited

The Teberan languages are a well established family of Papuan languages that Stephen Wurm (1975) grouped with the Pawaia language as a branch of the Trans–New Guinea phylum.

There are two Teberan languages, Dadibi and Folopa (Podopa). They are spoken in Southern Highlands Province and in adjoining provinces.

Classification

Malcolm Ross (2005) tentatively retains both Teberan and Pawaia within TNG, but sees no other connection between them. Noting insufficient evidence, Pawley and Hammarström (2018) tentatively leave Teberan as unclassified rather than as part of Trans-New Guinea.[3]

Pawley and Hammarström (2018) do not consider there to be sufficient evidence for Teberan to be classified as part of Trans-New Guinea, though they do note the following lexical resemblances between the Teberan languages and proto-Trans-New Guinea.[3]

Dadibi:

  • ami ‘breast’ < *amu

Folopa:

  • kabu ‘stone’ < *ka(mb,m)u[CV]
  • kolemane ‘star’ < *kala(a,i)m ‘moon’
  • kile ‘eye’ < *(ŋg,k)iti

Proto-language

Some lexical reconstructions by Usher (2020) are:[4]

gloss Proto-Dadibi-Folopa Dadibi Folopa
head *tobo tobo-lu tobo
hair/feather *ni[g]i nisi niki
ear/hear *[w]odzo olo ~ odo- woso 'hear'; woseni 'ear'
eye *ge[…] ge-du kele
nose *gun… guni gunumu; kurumu
tongue *kamina hamina
bone *di[l/r]i dili diri
skin/bark *wadz[i/e] wali wase
breast *ame ame ame
dog *j[o]wi jowi ~ juwi juwi
pig *kibu kibu hupu
bird *ba ba ba
egg/seed *ge ge ke
tree/wood *ni ni ni
woman/female *so so so
sun/day *s[u]g[a] sogo suka
water *wẽi wẽ wẽi
fire/sun *si[a] sia si
path/door *tũ tũ ~ tu
eat/drink *nV- n-/nuku- (present)
one/another *me me me

Vocabulary comparison

The following basic vocabulary words are from the Trans-New Guinea database:[5]

gloss Dadibi Folopa (Sopese dialect) Folopa (Bɔro dialect) Folopa (Suri dialect) Tebera
head tobudu topo tobo dobo tobuřo
hair tobudu nizi topo neki tobu nigi dobu nigi tobu nigi
ear ořo woleke usani ořoge ozini
eye gedu kele kɩle geře kʌle
nose guni fopa ai fobaʔai fobai gunumu
tooth kɛli seřeke sɛřɛge sɛřɛge sega̧
tongue hamiya hape habe gonoma habi
leg sa̧ga̧ holȩke ho̧ hořoge
louse no̧u̧ doi dui dui dui
dog yowi ha̧u̧ ha̧o̧ ha̧o̧ ha̧o̧
bird ba ba ba ba ba
egg ba ge ba ke ba ge ba age ba ge
blood kanimi wi fage fage fɛ̧
bone dili təři dʌři dʌři dɩli
skin tigiwali tiki sɛ̧ga̧i̧ sɛ̧ga̧i̧ sɛ̧ga̧i̧
breast ami awa̧ a̧u̧wa tigi a̧i̧ ami
tree ni ni ni ni ni
man bidi hwȩ hwi̧ hwi̧ hwi̧
woman we šo sou sou sou
sun giliga suḳʷa sugua teřeuna
moon podua kasiapu ha̧di haři koi
water a̧i̧; wȩ ipi wȩi̧ wi̧ wȩi̧
fire sia si si si si
stone mazigi kapo kʰani gabo kabo
name nogi doi doi nimi diai
eat tubo nae nai nae nugidabo
one dɛlɛli peta̧ti mɛ̧ koři sali demo mɛzazibo
two si tapala tamo tamu damo dabada damubo

References

  1. ^ New Guinea World, Tua River
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Teberan". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^ a b Pawley, Andrew; Hammarström, Harald (2018). "The Trans New Guinea family". In Palmer, Bill (ed.). The Languages and Linguistics of the New Guinea Area: A Comprehensive Guide. The World of Linguistics. 4. Berlin: De Gruyter Mouton. pp. 21–196. ISBN 978-3-11-028642-7.
  4. ^ Timothy Usher, New Guinea World, Proto–Dadibi–Folopa
  5. ^ Greenhill, Simon (2016). "TransNewGuinea.org - database of the languages of New Guinea". Retrieved 2020-11-05.
  • Ross, Malcolm (2005). "Pronouns as a preliminary diagnostic for grouping Papuan languages". In Andrew Pawley; Robert Attenborough; Robin Hide; Jack Golson (eds.). Papuan pasts: cultural, linguistic and biological histories of Papuan-speaking peoples. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics. pp. 15–66. ISBN 0858835622. OCLC 67292782.

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